Menentukan Gambaran Umun dari Percakapan Interpersonal yang Diperdengarkan

Menentukan Gambaran Umun dari Percakapan Interpersonal yang Diperdengarkan

Sumber foto: thumbs.dreamstime.com
Apabila kita dimintai pendapat oleh teman, ataupun keluarga, sebaiknya kita menyampaikannya dengan bahasa yang baik dan sopan. Dan bila kita tidak sependapat dengannya, alangkah baiknya kita memberikan saran dengan lemah lembut. Dalam mata pelajaran bahasa Inggris pun kita pernah mendapatkan materi tentang menentukan gambaran umum dari percakapan interpersonal yang diperdengarkan waktu SMP-SMA. Bagi temen-temen yang mau belajar simak penjelasannya.


1.     Asking for and Giving Opinions (Meminta dan Memberi Pendapat)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan untuk meminta dan memberi pendapat
Asking for Opinions (Meminta Pendapat)
        Giving Opinions (Memberi Pendapat)
·         What do you think of/about…..?
·         What is your view…..?
·         What would you say about…?
·         What are you thinking about…?
·         Do you have any ideas?
·         What about….?
·         In your opinion …?
·         I think it’s very nice.
·         In my view, …
·         I must say that ….
·         I personally think that ….
·         We had better …
·         I think ….
·         In my opinion, …

2.     Giving suggestion (Memberi Saran)

Pelajari contoh-contoh ungkapan untuk memberi saran dan responnya berikut.
Ungkapan memberi saran
Respon
·         Why don’t you attend a vocal course?
·         We’d better have lunch now.
·         I think you should discuss the matter with him.
·         Perhaps you need to go on picnic?
·         What abou watching a movie?
·         It’s a good suggestion.
·         That’s good idea.
·         You’re right.
·         Good idea
·         I agree with you

3.     Asking for and giving information (Meminta dan Memberi informasi )

Ungkapan-ungkapan yang diucapkan untuk meminta dan memberi informasi sebagai berikut.
Asking for information (Meminta informasi)
Giving information (Memberi informasi)
·         Do you often log on to social media?
·         Have you done your science project?
·         What is the material for the test?
·         Who is the man with a leather jacket over there?
·         Where did you go yesterday afternoon?
·         How do you keep in touch with your old friends?
·         Why were you absent from the music course?
·         No, I seldom open my social media accounts.
·         Yes, I have finished it.
·         It’s Unit 2.
·         I don’t know him.
·         I went to a dentist.
·         I have their phone numbers. We often send messages via SMS or messengers.
·         I had a stomachache.

4.     Giving attention (Memberi Perhatian)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan untuk memberi perhatian kepada orang lain.
Ungkapan Memberi perhatian
respons
·         Are you all right? you look pale.
·         What’s wrong with you?
·         Your eyes are swollen. Did you cry?
·         You look gloomy. What happened?
·         You look so happy. Any good news?
·         I feel a bit dizzy
·         Nothing. I just need time to rest
·         Yes. I can’t hold my tears on my grandmother’s passing.
·         I failed the English test.
·         Yes, you know what? I’ve been accepted by the University of Indonesia  

5.     Denying facts (Menyangkal  Fakta)

Perhatikan ungkapan-ungkapan menyangkal berikut.
Ungkapan Menyangkal Fakta
·         I’m not lying. (actually you are).
·         No, I didn’t say that . (actually you did).
·         The food is yummy. (actually the food is not).
·         I’m afraid that’s wrong. (actually it is right).
·         That is not correct. (usually thatis correct).

6.     Expressing Plan/Intention/Purpose (Menyatakan Rencana/Maksud/Tujuan)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkpan untuk menyatakan rencana/maksud/tujuan.
Ungkapan Menanyakan Rencana/Maksud/Tujuan
Ungkapan Menyatakan Rencana/Maksud/Tujuan
·         Do you have any plans for this Sunday?
·         What’s your plan?
·         Where are you going this weekend?
·         What is your intention?
·         What do you want to achieve by the end of this term?
·         What is your goal by joining a photography club? 
·         No. I don’t.
·         I am going to meet Mr. Smith to discuss the training.
·         My family and i are going to the Cinema.
·         It is my intention to have my own online shop.
·         I want to speak English fluently.
·         Well, I’m fond of photography and I’d like to Improve my knowledge and skills in photography.

7.     Asking for and giving items (meminta dan memberi sesuatu)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan yang digunakan untuk meminta dan memberi sesuatu.
Ungkapan meminta sesuatu
Ungkapan memberi sesuatu
·         Would you mind explaining once again?
·         Could you pass me the ketchup, please?
·         Could you give me five sheets of paper, please?
·         Can I have a drink, please?
·         Not at all.
·         Here you are.
·         Sure.
·         Okay.

8.     Offering items and service/help (menawarkan barang dan jasa/bantuan)

Ungkapn-ungkapan untuk menawarkan barang dan jasa/bantuan sebagai berikut.
Ungkapan menawarkan barang/jasa
Ungkapan menerima barang/jasa
Ungkapan menolak barang/jasa
·         Would you like a sandwich?
·         Shall I get  you a magazine for read?
·         Would you like a cup of coffee?
·         What I can do for you?
·         Can I help you?
·         Thank you.
·         That’s very kind of you.
·         (oh,) yes, please.
·         Please help carry this box.
·         Thanks (very much).
·         No, thanks. I’m already full.
·         No, thank you.
·         Thank you for offering, but I don’t drink coffee.
·         No, really, I can manage it myself (thanks)
·         No, it’s all right, really.

9.     Expressing Apology (Menyatakan Permintaan Maaf)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan untuk meminta maaf.
Ungkapan Meminta Maaf
Respon
·         Sorry, I could not visit you yesterday.
·         I am really sorry for my mistakes.
·         We apologize for our late arrival.
·         Sony should really apologize for disturbing my weekend.
·         I am really sorry about it.
·         It’s all right.
·         Never  mind.
·         No problem.
·         No  worries.
·         Take it eassy.

10.     Expressing Pride (Menyatakan Rasa Bangga)

Untuk menunjukkan rasa bangga atas pencapaian/kesuksesan seseorang, gunakanlah ungkapan ungkapan  berikut.
Ungkapan Rasa Bangga
·         I’m proud of you.
·         This is great! I’m really proud of you.
·         You make me proud of you.
·         You’ve done very well.

11.     Asking for and Giving Permission (Meminta dan Memberi Izin)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan yan digunakan untuk meminta dan memberi izin.
Ungkapan Meminta Izin
Ungkapan Memberi Izin
·         Could I go to the theatre with my friends?
·         May I go fishing today?
·         Do you mind if I visit you tonight?
·         Is it alright if I borrow your dictionary?
·         Would you mind if I see your note?
·         Can I take you home?
·         Sure.
·         Certainly.
·         Yes, please do.
·         Okay, please do.
·         Go ahead.
·         Of course.

12.     Expressing Agreement and Disagreement (Menyatakan Setuju dan Tidak Setuju)

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan yang digunakan untuk menyatakan setuju.
Ungkapan Setuju
·         I agree with your opinion.
·         I am on your side.
·         I can go along with that.
·         I think so.
·         I am with you.
·         I like your idea.

Berikut merupakan ungkapan-ungkapan yang digunakan untuk menyatakan tidak setuju.
Ungkapan Tidak Setuju
·         I disagree with you.
·         I am not with you.
·         I can’t go along with that.
·         I don’t think so.
·         No, I don’t  like the idea.

Sebetulnya masih ada banyak lagi bagaimana caranya untuk menentukan gambaran umum dari percakapan interpersonal yang diperdengarkan, saya menjelaskan hanya beberapa saja yang biasanya sering digunakan setiap harinya.

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